Wednesday, 28 September 2016


KHAYIM TOBRIS (1869-June 2, 1933)
            He was born in Vilna.  He studied in religious primary school, Rameyle’s yeshiva, and through self-study secular subject matter.  He later became a follower of the Jewish Enlightenment and a Zionist activist.  He frequently visited with Kalman Schulman and Shmuel Yosef Fin.  Until 1918 he earned a living as a merchant in Vilna.  Thereafter he moved to Kovno.  He began his writing activities in 1912 with feature pieces in the Vilna Yiddish press, later serving as the Kovno correspondent for Di tsayt (The times) in Vilna, in which, among other items, he published the humorous piece, “Briv fun kovne un vilne” (Letter from Kovno and Vilna).  He was a regular contributor to Di idishe shtime (The Jewish voice) in Kovno.  From time to time, he also published in Frimorgn (Morning) in Riga.  He mostly wrote under the name “Khayml.”  He died in a Riga sanitarium.

Sources: Frimorgn (Riga) (June 4, 1933); A. Balosher, in Di idishe shtime (Kovno) (July 2, 1933; July 8, 1933; July 15, 1933); Y. Broydes, Vilna hatsiyonit ṿeaskaneha (Zionist Vilna and its officials) (Tel Aviv, 1939), see index; Zamlbukh lite (Anthology Lithuania), vol. 1 (New York, 1951), p. 1111.
Khayim Leyb Fuks

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