Sunday, 30 August 2015


SHIYE GILBOE-GLOYBERMAN (JEHOSHUA A. GILBOA) (May 13, 1918-February 4, 1981)
            Born in Pinsk, Poland, he received both a Jewish and general education.  He graduated from a Hebrew high school.  He lived in Pinsk until WWII, where he was active in the Zionist youth movement and a member of the central committee of “Hanoar hatsiyoni” (The Zionist youth) in Poland.  When the Bolsheviks occupied Pinsk, he was arrested for his Zionist activities and exiled for ten years to Siberian camps.  Liberated in 1939, by various means he made his way to Israel.  In February 1958 he made a study trip through the United States.
            He began writing in his youth and contributed to the Yiddish press in Poland until 1939.  Among others, he wrote for Haynt (Today) in Warsaw and Pinsker shtime (Pinsk voice).  In the state of Israel, he served on the editorial board of the afternoon newspaper Maariv (Evening) in Tel Aviv, in which he published stories, articles on literature, as well as political reports on Eastern Europe; he was co-editor from 1955.  He also placed pieces with: Moznaim (Balance), Molad (Birth), Gilyonot (Sheets), Hadoar (The mail), Davar (Word), Zemanim (Times), and in the Yiddish publications Di goldene keyt (The golden chain), and Letste nayes (Latest news), among others.  He compiled the anthology Geḥalim loḥashot (Whispering embers) (Tel Aviv, 1954), which included a selection of Hebrew and Yiddish literature from Soviet Russia, with his own translations and an afterword by the compiler.  He also published a series of books in Hebrew on the destruction of Jewish culture in Soviet Russia, a portion of which was translated into English.  In Yiddish, he wrote: Hebreisher bikher-shank (Hebrew book closet) (Tel Aviv: Hamenorah, 1965), 304 pp.  He published as well under the pseudonyms: Y. Avishov, Y. Maamin, and Y. Gitl.  He died in Tel Aviv.

Sources: Forverts (New York) (February 21, 1958); Tog-morgn-zhurnal (New York) (February 22, 1958); Heymish (Tel Aviv) (February 1958).

[Additional information from: Berl Kagan, comp., Leksikon fun yidish-shraybers (Biographical dictionary of Yiddish writers) (New York, 1986), col. 161.]

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